Sederi 24 — 2014
Berta Cano Echevarría & Ana Sáez-Hidalgo
Francisco J. Borge López
Monica Matei-Chesnoiu, “The authority of geography in Pericles, Prince of Tyre: Jacob Falckenburgk and Dionysius Periegetes.” SEDERI 24 (2014): 119-139.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34136/sederi.2014.6 Download PDF
Taking into account the complex authorship of Pericles, Prince of Tyre, this paper surveys the intertextual influence of the Latin verse narrative of the Apollonius saga by Jacob Falckenburgk (London, 1578) and Thomas Twayne’s translation of Orbis terrae descriptio (The Surveye of the world) by Dionysius Periegetes (London, 1572) on the erratic geography of Pericles. Drawing on the Pericles/Apollonius tales (the play and its Latin verse and English prose intertexts), as well as the ancient geographic narrative describing the Eastern Mediterranean spaces of the settings, the play decentres the authority of ancient geography maintained via the well-travelled Apollonius tale or through the weight of classical texts. Pericles destabilizes the authority of both classical language and geography through a process of defamiliarization of and distancing from the legitimization of ancient texts and geographic tradition. Through the suggestion of alterity during the dramatic interaction, the play incorporates the recognition of difference and the support of tolerance within early modern transnational communities.
Keywords: Shakespeare; romances; geography; Latin; Falckenburgk; Periegetes; Renaissance drama.
Arber, Edward, ed. 1875. A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London; 1554-1640 A.D. Vol. 5. Birmingham: Privately Printed.
Archibald, Elizabeth 1991. Apollonius of Tyre: Medieval and Renaissance Themes and Variations: Including the Text of the «Historia Apollonii Regi Tyri» with an English Translation. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer.
Bevington, David 2011. Murder Most Foul: Hamlet through the Ages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bullough, Geoffrey 1966 (1957). Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare. Vol. VI. London: Routledge.
Cohen, Walter 1997. “A Reconstructed Text of Pericles, Prince of Tyre.” Ed. Stephen Greenblatt et al. The Norton Shakespeare: Based on the Oxford Edition. New York: Norton: 2709-2718.
Cormack, Bradin 2001. “Marginal Waters: Pericles and the Idea of Jurisdiction.” Ed. Arthur Gordon and Bernhard Klein. Literature, Mapping, and the Politics of Space in Early Modern Britain. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press: 155-180.
Delvecchio, Doreen and Antony Hammond, eds. 1998. Introduction. Pericles. The New Cambridge Shakespeare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 1-78.
Elton, Geoffrey R. 1986. Parliament of England, 1559-1581. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Falckenburgk, Jacob 1578. Jacobi à Falckenburgk, Saxonis Brandenburgi, Britannia sive de Apollonica humilitatis, virtvtis et honoris porta. Libri 4. London: R. Graphei [R. Schilders]. STC 10674.
Forman, Valerie 2008. “The Voyage Out: Pericles.” Tragicomic Redemptions: Global Economics and the Early Modern English Stage. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.: 64-84.
Gesner, Carol 1970. Shakespeare and the Greek Romance. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky.
Gillies, John 2003. “Place and Space in Three Late Plays.” Eds. Richard Dutton and Jean Howard. Companion to Shakespeare’s Works: The Poems, Problem Comedies, Late Plays. Oxford: Blackwell: 175-193.
Golding, Arthur 1585. “Epistle Dedicatorie to Sir William Cecil, Lord Burgley.” Pomponius Mela. The vvorke of Pomponius Mela. London: John Charlewood for Thomas Hacket. Not paginated. STC 17785.
Gossett, Suzanne, ed. 2004. Introduction. Pericles. New Arden Shakespeare. London: Thomson Learning: 1-163.
Hanna, Sara 2002. “Studying Pericles through Sacred Geography, or Sailing to Paradise.” Ed. Beatrice E. Batson. Selected Comedies and Late Romances of Shakespeare from a Christian Perspective. Lewiston and Lampeter: Mellen Press: 102-131.
Healy, Margaret 2001. Fictions of Disease in Early Modern England: Bodies, Plagues, and Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hillman, Richard 1985. “Shakespeare’s Gower and Gower’s Shakespeare: The Larger Debt of Pericles.” Shakespeare Quarterly 36/2: 427-437.
Hoeniger, F. David 1963. Introduction. Pericles. The Arden Edition of the Works of William Shakespeare. London: Methuen: xiii-xci.
Holland, Peter 2005. “Coasting in the Mediterranean: The Journeyings of Pericles.” Angles on the English-Speaking World 5: 11-29.
Hopkins, Lisa 2000. “’The Shores of My Mortality’: Pericles’ Greece of the Mind.” Pericles: Critical Essays. Ed. David Skeele. New York: Garland Publishing: 228-237.
Humphrey Newcomb, Lori 2009. “The Sources of Romance, the Generation of Stories and the Patterns of the Pericles Tales.” Eds. Mary Ellen Lamb and Valerie Wayne. Staging Early Modern Romance: Prose Fiction, Dramatic Romance, and Shakespeare. London: Routledge: 21-48.
Jackson, Mac D.P. 1990. “Pericles, Acts I and II: New Evidence for George Wilkins.” Notes and Queries 37/1: 192-196.
Jackson, Mac 1993. “Rhyming in Pericles: More Evidence of Dual Authorship.” Studies in Bibliography 46: 239-249.
Jackson, Mac 2003. Defining Shakespeare: Pericles as test Case. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Jackson, Mac 2011. “Rhymes and Authors: Shakespeare, Wilkins, and Pericles.” Notes and Queries 58/2: 260-266.
Jackson, Mac 2013. “Reasoning about Rhyme: George Wilkins and Pericles.” Notes and Queries 60/3: 434-439.
Jantz, Harold 1966. “German Renaissance Literature.” MLN 81/4: 398-436.
Jowett, John 2003. “Varieties of Collaboration in Shakespeare’s Problem Plays and Late Plays.” Eds. Richard Dutton and Jean Howard. Companion to Shakespeare’s Works: The Poems, Problem Comedies, Late Plays. Oxford: Blackwell: 106-128.
Klause, John 2010. “Rhyme and the Authorship of Pericles.” Notes and Queries 57/3: 395-400.
Klause, John 2012. “A Controversy over Rhyme and Authorship in Pericles.” Notes and Queries 59/4: 538-544.
Knapp, Jeffrey 2009. Shakespeare Only. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Laureano Domínguez, Lorena 2009. “Pericles’ ‘unknown travels’: The Dimensions of Geography in Shakespeare’s Pericles.” SEDERI: Yearbook of the Spanish and Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies 19: 71-97.
McJannet, Linda 1998. “Genre and Geography: The Eastern Mediterranean in Pericles and The Comedy of Errors.” Ed. John Gillies and Virginia Mason Vaughan. Playing the Globe: Genre and Geography in English Renaissance Drama. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press: 86-106.
Mela, Pomponius 1585. The vvorke of Pomponius Mela. The Cosmographer, concerninge the situation of the world wherein euery parte, is deuided by it selfe in most perfect manner, as appeareth in the Table at the ende of the booke. A booke right plesant and profitable for all sortes of men: but speciallie for Gentlemen, Marchants, Mariners, and Trauellers, translated out of Latine by Arthur Golding Gentleman. London: John Charlewood for Thomas Hacket. STC 17785.
Morrow, David 2013. “Local/Global Pericles: International Storytelling, Domestic Social Relations, Capitalism.” Ed. Jyotsna G. Singh. A Companion to the Global Renaissance: English Literature and Culture in the Era of Expansion. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 356-377.
Muir, Kenneth 1977. The Sources of Shakespeare’s Plays. London: Methuen.
Mulready, Cyrus 2013. Romance on the Early Modern Stage: English Expansion Before and After Shakespeare. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pamuk, Şevket 2000. A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Periegetes, Dionysius 1572. The surueye of the vvorld. London: Henrie Bynneman. STC 6901.
Plutarch, 1941. The lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans by Plutarch of Cheronea. In the Superb and Rare Translation by Sir Thomas North. New York: The Heritage Press.
Relihan, Constance C 1992. “Liminal Geography: Pericles and the Politics of Place.” Philological Quarterly 71: 281-299.
Relihan, Constance C 2004. Cosmographical Glasses: Geographic Discourse, Gender, and Elizabethan Fiction. Kent and London: The Kent State University Press.
Roebuck, Thomas and Laurie Maguire 2010. “Pericles and the Language of National Origins.” Eds. Willy Malley and Margaret Tudeau-Clayton. This England, That Shakespeare: New Angles on Englishness and the Bard. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited: 23-48.
Shakespeare, William 1969. Pericles Prince of Tyre. Gen. ed. Alfred Harbage. Ed. James G. McMannaway. The Complete Pelican Shakespeare. London: The Penguin Press.
Shakespeare, William 1972. Pericles, Prince of Tyre. Gen. ed. Sylvan Barnet. Ed. Ernest Schanzer. The Signet Classic Shakespeare. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers.
Shakespeare, William 1974. Pericles, Prince of Tyre. Gen. ed. G. Blakemore Evans. Ed. Hallet Smith. The Riverside Shakespeare. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Shakespeare, William 1992. Pericles, Prince of Tyre, The Complete Works of Shakespeare. Ed. David Bevington. 4th ed. New York: Harper & Collins Publishers.
Shakespeare, William 1997. Pericles, Prince of Tyre. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt et al. The Norton Shakespeare. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Shakespeare, William 2004. Pericles. Ed. Suzanne Gossett. New Arden Shakespeare. London: Thomson Learning.
Skeele, David, ed. 2000. Pericles: Critical Essays. New York: Garland Publishing.
Smith, Albert H. 1972 (1898). Shakespeare’s “Pericles” and Apollonius of Tyre: A Study in Comparative Literature. New York: AMS Press.
Solinus, Caius Julius 1587. The excellent and pleasant worke of Iulius Solinus Polyhistor Contayning the noble actions of humaine creatures, the secretes & prouidence of nature, the description of countries, the maners of the people: with many meruailous things and strange antiquities, seruing for the benefitt and recreation of all sorts of persons. Translated out of Latin into English, by Arthur Golding. Gent. London: I. Charlewoode for Thomas Hacket. STC 22896.5.
Sullivan, Rob 2011. Geography Speaks: Performative Aspects of Geography. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Twyne, Lawrence 1594. The patterne of painefull aduentures. London: Valentine Simmes for Newman. STC 709.
Warren, Roger 2003. Introduction. A Reconstructed Text of Pericles, Prince of Tyre. Ed. Roger Warren. The Oxford Shakespeare. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 1-80.
Westphal, Bertrand 2011. Geocriticism: Real and Fictional Spaces. Trans. Robert T. Tally Jr. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wood, Alfred C. 2006 (1935). A History of the Levant Company. London: Frank Cass and Co.